Colposcopy: Everything you need to know about
Colposcopy is usually recommended for women after an abnormal pap test. The main objective of this procedure is to prevent cervical cancer through early detection and treatment of precancerous cells. If you are worried about getting it done, prior knowledge can ease your tension.
In this post, top physicians from ARiAS, the best gynecologist hospital in Nashik have shared every necessary detail you need to know about colposcopy.
What is Colposcopy?
Colposcopy is a diagnostic procedure that helps the doctor closely examine your cervix and vagina. It is usually recommended when the Pap smear result is abnormal or pelvic examination reveals some abnormalities.
It can be easily performed in a clinic using a special microscope called a colposcope. It is an instrument that looks like a binocular on a stand with a bright light.
A coloscope provides 4x to 30x magnification, a bright light source, and usually permanent documentation in the form of still images or videos.
What to expect during colposcopy?
The doctor will begin the procedure by placing a metal speculum in your vagina to hold open the walls of vagina to be able to visualize your cervix easily with a colposcope which is kept a few inches away from your vulva (external genitals). The procedure usually takes about 10 to 20 minutes. During the procedure you might just feel some pressure while the speculum is being inserted and may experience a little burning sensation when your doctor applies an acetic acid or vinegar-like solution to highlight any suspicious area.
The examiner will then shine the light of a colposcope into the vagina to examine the vagina, and cervix through the lens of a colposcope. If anything does not look normal, a biopsy may be performed.
What to expect during a biopsy?
A biopsy is basically a procedure that includes taking small tissue samples for laboratory examination. Your doctor performs a biopsy on the areas that look unhealthy.
Why is colposcopy needed?
Cervical Cancer treatment can be overwhelming, so colposcopy is a must for every woman with an abnormal pap test as it is one of the most important screening tests performed for the early detection of cervical cancer. Other than abnormal Pap test, coloposcopy is essential in detecting other conditions like:
- Genital warts
- Inflammation of the cervix (Cervicitis)
- Precancerous changes of the vulva and vagina
What precautions should you take before colposcopy?
You need to consider the following tips while preparing for a colposcopy:
- A colposcopy should not be scheduled during your period or menstrual bleeding. Make sure to get it done 12 to 14 days before or after your periods for a clear examination of your cervix.
- Avoid having any vaginal intercourse one or two days before your colposcopy.
- Make sure to not use tampons the day or two prior to the colposcopy.
- Don’t use any vaginal medications for two consecutive days before the colposcopy.
- Have an over-the-counter pain reliever before going for a colposcopy such as an acetaminophen.
What are the risks involved in colposcopy?
Usually, colposcopy is a safe procedure, however, few risks involved are
Women experiencing anxiety can try the following methods to find some relief.
- Consider bringing a music device to relieve your stress and strain. According to some experts, music therapy can ease your pain and anxiety during colposcopy.
- Relax with some activities like exercising and meditation.
- Having the company of your family and friends can help you alleviate your anxiety.
- Prefer taking Gynaec Consultation.
These tips will greatly help you cope up with your stress. Our obstetrician and gynecologists in Nashik at Arias will definitely help you reduce your anxiety by giving you a proper counselling session before the procedure.
When should you approach a doctor after a colposcopy?
It is highly recommended to immediately call a doctor when you experience signs and symptoms that indicate complications such as:
- Bleeding heavier than what is typically experienced during a period
- Unbearable and severe abdominal pain
What happens once you are done with colposcopy?
In case, a biopsy is performed during your colposcopy, you may experience light bleeding, vulvar or vaginal pain, and a dark discharge for a few days. You can use a pad to catch any discharge or blood, but make sure to avoid a tampon.
Ask your doctor when can you expect the results. Once, you get the results, the doctor will communicate whether you require further testing and treatment or not.
Cervical cancer is a life-threatening disease. The earlier it is detected, the better are the chances to prevent it states the best gynaecologist in Nashik from ARiAS Hospital. Coloscopy test has the same main objective. This few minutes’ procedure can save you from further pain and complications. So, get it done immediately when recommended by your doctor. Don’t panic, just keep calm, follow the instructions and everything will be fine.
We hope this post has been quite helpful to you.